The Rudder Article

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The following is the text and illustrations from the article published in the February 1900 edition of "The Rudder" magazine.


The order under which this boat was designed calls for a 21-foot keel boat of the knockabout type, the construction to be strong and durable. Her draught was established at less than 5 feet. The boat is intended for use in the waters of the Maine coast. This excellent little boat is from the board of W. H. Hand, Jr., of New Redford, Mass. Mr. Hand has in the last three years designed and built many successful boats of this type, the lines of two or three having appeared in this publication. She was designed without regard to class limits or other restrictions. Her dimensions are: 

Length overall

32 feet 8 inches

Length l.w.l

21 feet

Overhang bow

5 feet 5 inches

Overhang stern

6 feet 3 inches

Beam extreme

9 feet 1 1/2 inches

Beam l.w.l

8 feet 9 inches

Freeboard bow

2 feet 9 5/8 inches

Freeboard least

1 foot 10 inches

Freeboard stern

2 feet 1/4 inches

Draught to rabbet

1 foot 7 1/4 inches

Draught Extreme

4 feet 8 inches

Displacement pounds


Ballast iron keel, pounds


CB from stem at l.w.l

11 feet 2 1/2 inches


11 feet 11 inches

CLR +R. from stem at l.w.l

12 feet 8 1/2 inches

C. E from stem at l.w.l

11 feet 3 1/2 inches

C. Grav. keel forward CB

1 foot

Sail area square feet


Length cabin house

10 feet 6 inches


4 feet 9 inches

Length cockpit

7 feet


Construction fore and aft members keel, clamps, bilge stringers, run entire length without scamp or abrupt bends. The old square trunk log, heavy and cumbersome is replaced by a flat plank keel of oak, 9 inches x 3 inches amid-ships, tapering to stem and transom, the arched form serving to stiffen the hull vertically with no weight of dead-wood forward; the iron keel and dead-woods aft backing up the middle of the wood keel. Bolts -8 -7/8 inches, wrought iron, pass through plank keel and floor timbers, sawn from 3-inch oak plank and are set up with nuts on heavy washers. Bolts in middle of iron cant to starboard and port alternately.

Frames are steamed and bent, 1 1/2 inches x 1 1/4 inches, spaced 10 inches on centers. Clamps are of oak, 2 1/2 inches x 2 inches amidships and 2 inches x 2 inches at ends. Bilge stringers are of yellow pine, 2 1/4 inches x 2 1/4 inches. Main deck beams at ends of trunk are of oak sawn to form, 2 inches x 2 1/2 inches, others 1 1/4 inches x 1 1/2 inches. Planking of 7/8 inch clear white pine.

While this boat is not designed as a racer she is expected to show good speed especially, in the more severe conditions of summer sailing.

Cabin has the usual arrangements found in a boat of this size. It is however, surprisingly large when compared with the 21 foot Raceabout. Has two sofas or transoms, 7 feet 6 inches long, and about 3 feet wide. After end of each transom has a clothes locker running from top of house to floor, 13 inches deep. Forward on port side is the store space and dish lockers, just across on starboard side a chiffonier with draws. Forward of mast is a large open storage space large enough for sleeping room for a good sized boy. Under aft floor is space for ice-box. Expense of construction was carefully considered in every detail of this boat, and an effort made to reduce usual building costs.




This site was last updated 06/15/08